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Alcohol

Long-term Antabuse keeps most alcoholics abstinent

By Anne Harding

NEW YORK (Reuters Health) - Alcoholics may have a better chance of staying abstinent if long-term therapy includes drugs such as Antabuse, a new study shows.

Someone on one of these so-called alcohol deterrents will get sick with even a sip of alcohol, with a flushed face, rapid heartbeat, nausea, vomiting and anxiety. But the main power of these pills is their psychological effect, Dr. Hannelore Ehrenreich of the Max-Planck-Institute of Experimental Medicine in Gottingen, Germany, the study's lead author, told Reuters Health.

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Raising alcohol prices unlikely to curb demand

NEW YORK (Reuters Health) - Increasing the price of beer, wine, and liquor has been proposed as a way to reduce alcohol consumption, and hence problems related to drinking alcohol. But research published this month suggests that "across-the-board" price increases may not reduce alcohol sales, and might even increase them.

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Study Links Advertising, Youth Drinking

January 3, 2006
By HILARY WALDMAN, Courant Staff Writer

The first national study of liquor advertising and its effects on youth confirms what many have long suspected - that young people who see more ads for alcoholic beverages tend to drink more.

The study conducted by researchers at the University of Connecticut and Ohio State University could offer the first sound evidence that limiting liquor advertising should be part of a national strategy to reduce underage drinking.

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All hangover 'cures' are useless: study

Thu Dec 22, 2005

LONDON (Reuters) - Forget aspirins, hairs of dogs and hot baths, the only sure way of avoiding a hangover is not to drink in the first place, according to a new study.

Researchers led by Max Pittler of the Peninsular Medical School at Exeter University, surfed the Internet and combed medical databases to study a range of hangover cures from the traditional to the novel.

Their research roamed from the humble aspirin to fructose, artichokes and even prickly pears but found no silver bullet.

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College students not alone in dangerous drinking

Fri Dec 23, 2005

NEW YORK (Reuters Health) - Though getting drunk is often seen as a traditional college pastime, other young adults, particularly men, have similarly high rates of potentially hazardous drinking, new research shows.

In a study of nearly 2,000 young adults who'd been followed since high school, researchers found that by the age of 24, both college graduates and those with no more than a high school diploma had comparably high rates of heavy drinking.

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Impulsivity, alcohol linked to suicide

Fri Dec 23, 2005

By Karla Gale

NEW YORK (Reuters Health) - Men with severe depression are more likely to commit suicide if they abuse alcohol and have "cluster B" personality disorder, which relates to impulsive and/or aggressive behavior, new study findings suggest.

"Why some patients with major depressive disorder die by suicide while others with seemingly the same disorder do not, is a question of enormous clinical relevance," Dr. Gustavo Turecki and colleagues write in the American Journal of Psychiatry.

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Study shows how alcohol damages bones

NEW YORK (Reuters Health) - Bone loss is an often-overlooked consequence of heavy drinking, but recent research has illuminated how alcohol takes a toll on the bones, according to a new report.

In a review of cell, animal and human studies, Dr. Dennis A. Chakkalakal of the Omaha VA Medical Centre in Nebraska describes how heavy drinking leads to bone loss, higher risk of fractures and slower healing of bone breaks.

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Glass shape 'affects drink size'

The US researchers from Cornell University asked 198 students and 86 bartenders to pour a shot of alcohol.

They found students poured 30% more into the short glasses, while bar workers faired only slightly better at 20%, the British Medical Journal said.

The groups poured more than a standard shot measure into both types of glasses.

Students also said they thought the tall glasses held more, suggesting they were trying to compensate for size when pouring into the short, wide glasses.

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Education can reduce drinking in the elderly

NEW YORK (Reuters Health) - Providing seniors with personalized information about their drinking and health can effectively reduce their alcohol consumption and other drinking risks, new research found.

Although drinking tends to decline with age, many older adults drink more than the recommended amounts. It is well known that even relatively low levels of alcohol can cause adverse health effects in the elderly because of age-related physiological changes, and because alcohol interacts with common medications and medical conditions.

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Binge drinking in middle age tied to dementia risk

By Amy Norton

NEW YORK (Reuters Health) - Middle-age adults who go on periodic drinking binges may face a heightened risk of dementia later in life, a new study suggests.

Researchers found that even among adults who usually drank moderately, those who occasionally binged were more likely than their peers to develop dementia over the next 25 years.

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