Wednesday, December 19, 2018 by: Zoey Sky
(Natural News) Are you worried that your friends have an unhealthy
obsession with taking too many selfies every day? It looks like
researchers are also thinking the same thing. According to a study, the
excessive use of social media, especially the posting of images and
selfies, is linked to “a subsequent increase in narcissism.”
The study was published in The Open Psychology Journal.
Narcissism, selfies, and social media
Narcissism is defined as a personality characteristic which may involve
beliefs of entitlement, grandiose exhibitionism, and taking advantage of
The study, which involved a collaboration between researchers from the
Abertawe Bro Morgannwg University Health Board, Milan University and
Swansea University, examined the personality changes of 74 volunteers, who
were aged 18 to 34, for four months.
During the four-month study period, the researchers studied the
participants’ usage of social media such as Facebook, Instagram, Snapchat,
The researchers identified the participants who used social media
excessively by assessing their visual postings. Based on the assessment,
those who were always on social media had an average 25 percent increase
in narcissistic traits during the four-month study. Based on the
measurement scale used, the increase pushed a lot of the participants
above the clinical cut-off for narcissistic personality disorder (NPD).
The results of the study also revealed that people who mostly used social
media for verbal postings, like Twitter, didn’t display these qualities.
But the researchers noted that for the group who preferred verbal
postings, “their initial levels of narcissism predicted a growth in this
form of social media usage over time.” The more narcissistic this group
was to begin with, the more verbal postings they shared later.
for one individual, the rest of the participants used social media for an
average of about three hours daily, excluding usage for work. Several
volunteers also reported that they used social media for over eight hours
every day for non-work related purposes.
least 60 percent of the sample used Facebook, 25 percent used
Instagram, and 13 percent used Twitter and Snapchat each. More
than two-thirds of the volunteers preferred to use social media for
Phil Reed, the leader of the study from the Department of Psychology at Swansea
University, explained that there are those who believed that there was a
link between narcissism and the use of visual postings on social
media (e.g., Facebook). However, until the study, it was unknown if
narcissists use this form of social media more, or if using the platforms
was connected with the following growth in narcissistic tendencies.
He added that based on the study results, both may occur.
the results also imply that posting selfies may increase narcissism. If
the sample accurately represents the population, the study shows that
at least 20 percent of people could be at risk of developing the
narcissistic traits linked to their overuse of visual social media.
Reed warned that if “the predominant usage of social media for the
participants was visual, mainly through Facebook,” it’s possible that the
growth of this personality problem could be seen even more often, at
least until experts determine the possible dangers social media overuse.
(Related: If you enjoy taking “selfies,” you could be a psychopath.)
Roberto Truzoli from Milan University said that the use of
visual social media could highlight the perception of narcissistic
individuals that they are the center of attention. Professor Truzoli
concluded, “The lack of immediate ‘direct’ social censure, may offer them
the opportunity to inflict aspects of their narcissistic personality,
present themselves in a grandiose manner, and [realize] fantasies of
is Narcissistic personality disorder?
person with narcissistic personality disorder (NPD) may “have an inflated
opinion of themselves.” Individuals with NPD have an intense need to be
admired and be the center of attention. They may feel disappointed or
unhappy if they’re not praised or give special favors they think they
with NPD may have the following traits:
individuals may have high self-esteem and they tend to believe that they
are special or superior, unlike other people. They also tend to have a
ceaseless need for admiration and praise while reacting poorly to what
they believe is criticism.
note that while some NPD traits seem similar to confidence, healthy
confidence and NPD aren’t two different things. Confident people are often
humble, while those with NPD rarely are. Individuals with NPD
often put themselves on a pedestal and think that they’re better than
you’re worried that you’re taking too many selfies or that you’re spending
too much time online on social media, visit Addiction.news for
tips on how to manage social media addiction.