Fast Facts and Trivia
- Arizona is a right-to-work state. The law states no person shall be denied
the opportunity to obtain or retain employment because of non-membership in
a labor organization.
- The Arizona trout is found only in the Arizona.
- The saguaro cactus blossom is the official state flower. The white flower
blooms on the tips of the saguaro cactus during May and June. The saguaro is
the largest American cactus.
- Arizona leads the nation in copper production.
- Petrified wood is the official state fossil. Most petrified wood comes
from the Petrified Forest in northeastern Arizona.
- The bola tie is the official state neckwear.
- The Palo verde is the official state tree. Its name means green stick and
it blooms a brilliant yellow-gold in April or May.
- The cactus wren is the official state bird. It grows seven to eight inches
long and likes to build nests in the protection of thorny desert plants like
the arms of the giant saguaro cactus.
- Turquoise is the official state gemstone. The blue-green stone has a
somewhat waxy surface and can be found throughout the state.
- Arizona is home of the Grand Canyon National Park.
- The ringtail is the official state mammal. The ringtail is a small
fox-like animal about two and one-half feet long and is a shy, nocturnal
- The amount of copper on the roof of the Capitol building is equivalent to
- Arizona observes Mountain Standard Time on a year round basis. The one
exception is the Navajo Nation, located in the northeast corner of the
state, which observes the daylight savings time change.
- The battleship USS Arizona was named in honor of the state. It was
commissioned in 1913 and launched in 1915 from the Brooklyn Navy Yard.
- World War II brought many military personnel to train at Luke and
Thunderbird fields in Glendale.
- The Castilian and Burgundian flags of Spain, the Mexican flag, the
Confederate flag, and the flag of the United States have all flown over the
land area that has become Arizona.
- In 1926, the Southern Pacific Railroad connected Arizona with the eastern
- The geographic center of Arizona is 55 miles (89 kilometers) southeast of
- Arizona's most abundant mineral is copper.
- Bisbee, located in Tombstone Canyon, is known as the Queen of the Copper
Mines. During its mining history the town was the largest city between Saint
Louis and San Francisco.
- The state's most popular natural wonders include the Grand Canyon, Havasu
Canyon, Grand Canyon Caves, Lake Powell/Rainbow Bridge, Petrified
Forest/Painted Desert, Monument Valley, Sunset Crater, Meteor Crater, Sedona
Oak Creek Canyon, Salt River Canyon, Superstition Mountains, Picacho Peak
State Park, Saguaro National Park, Chiricahua National Monument, and the
- The Arizona tree frog is the state official amphibian. The frog is
actually between three-quarter to two inches long.
- Once a rowdy copper mining town, Jerome's population dwindled to as few as
50 people after the mines closed in 1953.
- The original London Bridge was shipped stone-by-stone and reconstructed in
Lake Havasu City.
- The capital of the Navajo Reservation is Window Rock.
- The state's precipitation varies. At Flagstaff the annual average is 18.31
inches; Phoenix averages 7.64 inches; and Yuma's annual average is 3.27
- Crops include 2%; pastureland 57%; forests 24%; and other uses are 17% in
- The Arizona ridge-nosed rattlesnake is perhaps the most beautiful of all
eleven species of rattlesnakes found in Arizona.
- The colors blue and gold are the official state colors.
- Located in Fountain Hills is a fountain believed to be the tallest in the
- Four Corners is noted as the spot in the United States where a person can
stand in four states at the same time.
- The age of a saguaro cactus is determined by its height.
- The Apache trout is considered a threatened species under the federal
Endangered Species Act.
- Arizona, among all the states, has the largest percentage of its land set
aside and designated as Indian lands.
- Rising to a height of 12,643 feet, Mount Humphreys north of Flagstaff is
the state's highest mountain.
- The Hopi Indians of Arizona are noted for growing their multicolored corn.
- Barry Goldwater, a famous public official, senator, and presidential
candidate was born in Phoenix.
- In 1939 architect Frank Lloyd Wright's studio, Taliesin West, was built
- Oraibi is the oldest Indian settlement in the United States. The Hopis
Indians founded it.
- Grand Canyon's Flaming Gorge got its name for its blazing red and orange
colored, twelve-hundred-foot-high walls.
- Grand Canyon's Disaster Falls was named to commemorate the site of a
previous explorer's wreck.
- Grand Canyon's Marble Canyon got its name from its thousand-foot-thick
seam of marble and for its walls eroded to a polished glass finish.
- Arizona became the 48th state on February 14, 1912.
- The world's largest solar telescope is located at Kitts Peak National
Observatory in the city of Sells.
- At one time camels were used to transport goods across Arizona.
- Between the years 1692 and 1711 Father Eusebio Kino focused on area
missionary work. During the time many grain and stock farms began.
- A person from Arizona is called an Arizonan.
- Phoenix originated in 1866 as a hay camp to supply Camp McDowell.
- The famous labor leader, Ceasar Estrada Chavez, was born in Yuma.
- Tombstone, Ruby, Gillette, and Gunsight are among the ghost towns scattered throughout the state.