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Thyroid

Your Thyroid

The thyroid gland is the biggest gland in the neck. It is situated in the anterior (front) neck below the skin and muscle layers. The thyroid gland takes the shape of a butterfly with the two wings being represented by the left and right thyroid lobes which wrap around the trachea. The sole function of the thyroid is to make thyroid hormone. This hormone has an effect on nearly all tissues of the body where it increases cellular activity. The function of the thyroid therefore is to regulate the body's metabolism.

Common Thyroid Problems

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THYROID FUNCTION

THYROID FUNCTION A third pyramidal lobe, remnant of the thyroglossal

duct, is not unusual. As one of the most vascularized endocrines, it receives blood from the superior thyroid arteries, branches of the external carotid artery, and is drained by corresponding veins into the internal jugular vein. In normal individuals, vascularity, size and microscopic structures vary with the levels of the pituitary tropic hormone, thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) or thyrotropin, nutrition, temperature, sex and age.
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Thyroid Cancer ( Follicular Cancer...The Second Most Common Thyroid Cancer)

There are over 11,000 new cases of thyroid cancer each year in the United States. Females are more likely to have thyroid cancer at a ratio of three to one. Thyroid cancer can occur in any age group, although it is most common after age 30 and its aggressiveness increases significantly in older patients. The majority of patients present with a nodule on their thyroid which typically does not cause symptoms.

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Your Thyroid Gland

The thyroid gland is the biggest gland in the neck. It is situated in the anterior (front) neck below the skin and muscle layers. The thyroid gland takes the shape of a butterfly with the two wings being represented by the left and right thyroid lobes which wrap around the trachea. The sole function of the thyroid is to make thyroid hormone. This hormone has an effect on nearly all tissues of the body where it increases cellular activity.

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