While pro-vaccinators continue to urge the use of vaccines to prevent disease, research does not support the theory that vaccines protect against illness. In fact, the HPV and Hepatitis B vaccines have proven to be dangerous and fatal to health. Hepatitis B vaccines, routinely given to infants at birth, are associated with sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) and other debilitating injuries. In the case of the HPV vaccine, early evidence is pointing to HPV vaccines actually increasing young women's risk of cervical cancers, long associated with older women and safely screened by pap smear exams. The number of serious injuries associated with the newer HPV vaccine continues to climb.