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Childrens Health

Fetal Nicotine Exposure Tied to Breathing Problems

Fri Jul 12, 1:35 PM ET

NEW YORK (Reuters Health) - Nicotine exposure in the womb, even in the absence of other substances present in tobacco smoke, may lead to breathing difficulties in newborns, results of an animal study suggest.

The findings indicate that nicotine can have lasting harmful effects on developing fetal lungs, according to Dr. Hakan Sundell and colleagues of Vanderbilt University School of Medicine in Nashville, Tennessee.

Sugar Water, Pacifier Help Newborns Endure Pain

Tue Jul 9, 2002

NEW YORK (Reuters Health) - Sugar water followed by a pacifier can ease the pain of a routine heel prick test for newborns, researchers report.

A sweet solution may help trigger release of the body's own pain relievers, called endogenous opioids, while sucking on a pacifier may allow the newborn to control at least one source of stimuli and help divert his or her attention from the pain.

Kids with Type 2 Diabetes Face Additional Ailments

Mon Jun 17, 2002 

By Melissa Schorr

SAN FRANCISCO (Reuters Health) - Children who develop type 2 diabetes may suffer a disproportionate share of diabetes-related complications later in life, researchers reported here Saturday at the American Diabetes Association's annual meeting.

"This is an aggressive disease," said study author Dr.

New Technique to Correct Newborns' Misshapen Heads

Tue Jul 2, 2002

By Alison McCook

NEW YORK (Reuters Health) - Researchers have proposed a new, less-invasive surgical technique to correct an abnormality of the bones of the skull in newborns that results in a misshapen head.

The technique may also reduce blood loss in the infants as a result of corrective surgery, and may cut recovery time, according to Dr. David F. Jimenez and his colleagues at the University of Missouri Hospital and Clinics in Columbia.

Many Childhood Fatalities Are Preventable: U.S. Study

Mon Jul 1, 1:42 PM ET

By Melissa Schorr

NEW YORK (Reuters Health) - Nearly one third of deaths among US children under age 18 were tragedies that might have been avoided, Arizona researchers report.

"Many child deaths are preventable," study co-author Dr. William Marshall, a professor of clinical pediatrics at the University of Arizona in Tucson, told Reuters Health. "There are things that communities can do to try to reduce child mortality."

Many U.S. Adolescents Still Getting Sunburned

Mon Jul 1, 2002

NEW YORK (Reuters Health) - Many preteens and older adolescents are not adequately protecting themselves from sunburn and excessive sun exposure, new study findings show.

"Surveillance of sunburn, as a marker of underprotected sun exposure among susceptible populations, is one way to track progress toward the goal of preventing future skin cancer occurrence," writes study author Dr. Kourtney J. Davis, of GlaxoSmithKline, Inc. in Research Triangle Park, North Carolina, and colleagues.

It's All in the Timing

Thu Jun 27, 2002


 -- If you think your kids aren't paying attention to you, consider talking to them another time.

According to French-language journal Archives De Pediatrie, children's attention spans vary with the time of day, day of the week and even with the season of the year.

For Crying Out Loud!

Thu Jun 27, 2002

(HealthScoutNews) -- How old do young children have to be before their screams quiet down?

It depends, notes the International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology, mostly on whether the kids are boys or girls.

Researchers at the University Regensburg in Germany studied the evolution of children's voices. They found that most girls showed a decline in the loudness of their screams between ages 7 and 8. For boys, the decline began between ages 8 and 9.

Debunking the Sugar High

Fri Jun 28, 2002

FRIDAY, June 28 (HealthScoutNews) -- Parents might be reluctant to let their kids eat sugary snacks, fearing the extra energy they get will make them impossible to control.

Well, Duke University researchers now say let them eat cake -- and candy bars, too, for that matter.

In their new study, the scientists found no evidence of the so-called sugar high.