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Childrens Health

Children to get Viagra in lung disease trial

Dozens of babies and infants around the world have been given the
drug to try to save them from life-threatening lung conditions, New
Scientist has learned.

The anecdotal evidence and case studies reported so far suggest the
anti-impotence drug is a promising treatment for pulmonary
hypertension (PHT) in both children and adults.

Nonetheless, some critics have expressed serious concern at the fact
that no clinical trials have taken place for this use of the drug.

Japan Reports Sharp Rise in Cases of Child Abuse

Tue Jul 23, 2002

By Teruaki Ueno

TOKYO (Reuters) - Child abuse has skyrocketed in Japan in the last decade and much of the violence was committed by mothers increasingly bereft of the support and advice of the traditional extended family, officials said on Tuesday.

The 2002 white paper on youth, released by the Cabinet Office on Tuesday, said 17,275 cases of child abuse were reported in the year ending March 2001, a rise of some 6,000 cases from a year earlier.

Britain to Treat Blood Plasma with Antiviral Agent

Wed Jul 24, 2002

By Richard Woodman

LONDON (Reuters Health) - A new process to ensure the safety of transfusion plasma is being introduced in Britain but only young children will benefit initially, the Department of Health said on Wednesday.

A spokeswoman said that starting this month, fresh frozen blood plasma for young children and babies would be treated with the antiviral agent methylene blue to further reduce the risk of viral transmission for this "most vulnerable group."

Bullying a Problem for Kids with Cancer: Study

Wed Jul 24, 2002

NEW YORK (Reuters Health) - For children who survive cancer, the toughest challenge in returning to school may be bullying from other kids, a new study in Finland suggests.

Researchers found that among the 43 childhood cancer patients they studied, bullying was the "biggest problem" they faced when they returned to or started school. Compared with their healthy classmates, these children were three times more likely to say they had been picked on, according to findings published a recent issue of the European Journal of Cancer.

Study: Moms' Work Affects Kids Devt.

Wed Jul 17,  2002

By RANDOLPH E. SCHMID, Associated Press Writer

The children of mothers who go to work full time before the youngsters are 9 months old have poorer mental and verbal development at age 3 than those with stay-at-home mothers, Columbia University researchers report.

Researchers measured the cognitive and verbal development of children at various ages and found lower scores for 3-year-olds whose mothers took jobs working 30 hours per week or more before the child was 9 months old.

For Kids, Jet Skis May Be More Dangerous Than Boats

Wed Jul 17,  2002

NEW YORK (Reuters Health) - Children and teens getting thrills on small personal watercraft known as jet skis or wave runners appear to sustain more serious injuries compared with those in small boats, a preliminary report suggests.

The finding is based on a small group of injured children and teens treated at one central Florida medical center.

Fetal Nicotine Exposure Tied to Breathing Problems

Fri Jul 12, 2002

NEW YORK (Reuters Health) - Nicotine exposure in the womb, even in the absence of other substances present in tobacco smoke, may lead to breathing difficulties in newborns, results of an animal study suggest.

The findings indicate that nicotine can have lasting harmful effects on developing fetal lungs, according to Dr. Hakan Sundell and colleagues of Vanderbilt University School of Medicine in Nashville, Tennessee.

Parents, Hear This

Tue Jul 16, 2002

(HealthScoutNews) -- New parents have lots of concerns and can be overwhelmed with having to care for a new baby.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention adds one more thing for parents to consider: their newborn's hearing.

The CDC says that about 1 in 500 babies has a hearing problem. Catching the problem early is the key to avoiding communication disabilities. So the agency says all infants should be screened within the first month of life, preferably before they go home for the first time.

FDA Warns of Chemical in Plastic

Mon Jul 15, 2002

By LAURAN NEERGAARD, AP Medical Writer

WASHINGTON (AP) - Sick baby boys may be at highest risk from a chemical used to soften such plastic medical devices as blood bags and IV tubes, the government says in advising hospitals to consider using devices made of different materials to treat them.

The chemical, called DEHP, can leach from the plastic into certain liquids, especially fat-containing ones like blood. Studies of young animals show the chemical can affect testicle development and production of normal sperm.

Fewer Children Lack Health Insurance

Mon Jul 15, 2002

By JANELLE CARTER, Associated Press Writer

WASHINGTON (AP) - The percentage of American children without health insurance has dropped by more than one-fifth since 1997, largely because of a program that covers those in poor families who earn too much to qualify for Medicaid, the government reports.

The number of children lacking health insurance fell from 13.9 percent in 1997 to 10.8 percent in 2001, the Health and Human Services Department says in a report obtained by The Associated Press.