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Criteria for so-called ADHD, in the DSM-IV

Diagnostic Criteria for Diagnosis of Attention Deficit Disorder/Attention Deficit-Hyperactivity Disorder [ADD/ADHD] (314.0x, p. 92 ff)

A. Either 1 or 2

1. Six or more of the following symptoms of inattention have persisted for at least six months to a degree that is maladaptive and inconsistent with developmental level.


A. Often fails to give close attention to details or makes careless mistakes in schoolwork, work or other activities.

B. Often has difficulty sustaining attention in tasks or play activities.



Brain Abnormality Linked to Hyperactivity Disorder

CHICAGO (Reuters) - Brain scans of children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder show abnormalities in the fiber pathways along which brain signals pass, scientists said on Monday.

The finding indicates the disorder may be more than just a chemical imbalance, they added.

Using an imaging technique called diffusion tensor imaging, researchers found subtle anatomical differences in children diagnosed with ADHD that may affect communication between key areas of the brain -- the frontal cortex, basal ganglia, brain stem and cerebellum.


ADHD and Marital/Family Satisfaction: A preliminary study

by David Rabiner, Ph.D.
Box 90545
Duke University
Durham, NC 27708

Until relatively recently, the prevailing view was that ADHD was a disorder of childhood that rarely persisted into the adult years. Studies conducted over the past 10 years, however, have indicated that this is not correct, and that many children with ADHD continue to struggle with the condition beyond adolescence and into their adult years.


Attention Disorder Takes 2 Years to Detect - Survey

Mon Aug 23, 2004

FRANKFURT (Reuters) - A disorder beginning in childhood which is characterized by hyperactivity, impulsive behavior and attention problems often goes undetected for long periods, said a survey of parents in eight countries on Monday.

The survey of 760 families, due to be presented at a Berlin conference on Tuesday, said that while diagnosis of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) takes a year on average in the United States, it can take three years in Italy.

The average


Attention Drugs Come of Age as Firms Target Adults

Thu Jun 3, 2004

By Ben Hirschler, European Pharmaceuticals Correspondent

LONDON (Reuters) - Medicating attention disorder, already a $2.2 billion-a-year business, is about to get a lot bigger as drug companies expand the treatment from children to adults.

Traditionally associated with kids' tantrums, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has been viewed as an illness which is outgrown in adolescence.


Gluten and Casein Free Products and Re-Sources or... How to feed your family without going nu

There is a large population in this country of celiac sufferers; they are experienced in food substitutions and can be a great source of information. Five organizations that have newsletters and lots of information are:

American Celiac Society
201/325-8837 (New Jersey)

Celiac Sprue Association/USA
402-558-0600 (Omaha, Nebraska)

Canadian Celiac Association
905-567-7195 (Toronto)


Sulfur-Transferase Deficiency

Preliminary studies by Rosemary Waring, of the University of Birmingham, UK, suggests an enzyme deficiency in autistic children [Shattock has reported similar findings in children with ADD and ADHD.] This abnormality effects the sulfur-transferase system. With insufficient phenol sulfer-transferase (PST), individuals have an extremely low capacity to oxidize sulfur compounds. Children with this enzyme deficiency are unable to fully metabolize certain foods and chemicals that contain phenols and amines.


A double-blind, placebo-controlled study of zinc sulfate as a treatment for ADHD

Although carefully conducted medication treatment and behavior therapy are effective treatments for ADHD, not all children with ADHD benefit from these interventions.  Thus, even in the most rigorous treatment study of ADHD ever conducted - the MTA study - some children were not helped significantly by these interventions.


Zinc Supplements Could Help Treat ADHD


As attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) affects around 1 in every 25 school-aged children, managing this condition is of huge social importance. An article published in BMC Psychiatry this week shows that zinc supplements could increase the effectiveness of stimulants used to treat children with the disease.