Fast Facts and Trivia
- Delaware was the first state to ratify the United States constitution. It
did so on December 7, 1787.
- Delaware shares a semi-circular border with Pennsylvania. The border was
drawn at the time of the original land grants to William Penn from King
Charles II and the Duke of York.
- The nation's first scheduled steam railroad began in New Castle in 1831.
- The United States battleship Delaware was commissioned in 1910.
- Delaware is the only state without any National Park System units such as
national parks, seashores, historic sites, battlefields, memorials, and
- Delmar is popularized as the little town too big for one state. The
community has the distinction of being located partly in Delaware and partly
- The most historic site in Frederica is Barratt's Chapel east of town. The
chapel is where the Methodist Church of America was organized in 1784.
- Today about 500 descendants of the original Nanticoke Indians reside in
Delaware. They celebrate their heritage each September with the Nanticoke
Indian Pow Wow.
- The log cabin originated in Finland. Finnish settlers arrived in Delaware
in the mid-1600s and brought with them plans for the log cabin, one of the
enduring symbols of the American pioneer. One of the cabins has been
preserved and is on display at the Delaware Agricultural Museum in Dover.
- John Dickinson was called the Penman of the Revolution for his writings on
independence. His boyhood home is preserved in Dover.
- Tradition holds the first time Betsy Ross's famous flag was flown was at
the Battle of Cooch's Bridge. This historic site is located on route 4 in
- The Blue Hen chicken is the official state bird. The hens were noted for
their fighting ability. Delaware is sometimes referred to as the Blue Hen
- The Lady Bug is Delaware's official state bug.
- Eleven years after the landing of the English pilgrims the first white
settlement was made on Delaware soil.
- In 1785 Oliver Evans of Newport invented the automatic flour-milling
machinery that revolutionized the industry.
- "Our Delaware" is the official state song. The words are by
George Hynson, music by William Brown.
- In total area Delaware ranks 49th in the nation. It contains 1,982 square
miles. It is 96 miles long and varies from 9 to 35 miles in width.
- Ebright Road in New Castle County is the highest state elevation at 442
feet above sea level. The lowest elevation is along the coast at sea level.
- Thomas Garret lost his entire fortune in his battle against slavery. He
was sued by a Maryland slave owner and fined for aiding a black family in
flight. Over his lifetime, Garrett reportedly helped more than 2,000
fugitive slaves move through Delaware, an important stop on the Underground
- Rehoboth Beach is the state's largest coastal resort town. Methodists who
purchase the land for a summer camp and meeting place originally constructed
- The 87-foot Fenwick Island Lighthouse was painted in 1880 for a total cost
of about $5.00.
- Twelve concrete observation towers along the coast were constructed during
World War II to protect the state's coastal towns from German u-boat
- Fisher's popcorn is a famous coastal caramel corn. It has been ordered
from as far away as Vietnam and Indonesia.
- The American holly is the official state tree. The tree can reach a
maximum of 60 feet in height and a trunk diameter of 20 inches.
- The peach blossom is Delaware's official state flower and has prompted
Delaware's nickname as the peach state.
- New Sweden was founded as a colony in 1638 and is recognized as the first
permanent colony on Delaware soil.
- Winterthur Museum, Garden and Library, six miles northwest of Wilmington
features one of the world's finest naturalistic gardens.
- Hagley Museum was originally the du Pont black powder manufactory, estate,
- The state's Coastal Heritage Greenway consists of a corridor of open space
running along 90 miles of coast and spanning the area between Fox Point
State Park and the state line at Fenwick Island.
- Thousand Acre Marsh is the largest freshwater tidal wetland in northern
Delaware. The Chesapeake and Delaware Canals border the marsh.
- In 1812 Port Penn was considered the best port in Delaware.
- Augustine Beach was named for Augustine Hermann. He was a Bohemian
adventurer who mapped the Delmarva Peninsula and surrounding areas in the
- Odessa possesses one of the finest collections of late 18th- and early
19th-century architecture in the middle Atlantic region. The center of town
is on the National Register of Historic Places and the entire town has been
zoned as historic.
- Barratt's Chapel is known as the Cradle of Methodism. It was built in 1780
and is the oldest surviving church built by and for Methodists in the United
- The 80-food Great Dune is the state's highest. It is located at Cape
Henlopen State Park in Lewes.
- The Maryland/Delaware boundary and the Mason-Dixon Line divide Delmar. A
double crown stone marker was erected in 1768 as the southern end of the
only North-South portion of the Mason-Dixon line.
- Horseshoe crabs may be viewed in large numbers up and down the Delaware
shore in May. The crabs endure extremes of temperature and salinity. They
can also go for a year without eating and have remained basically the same
since the days of the dinosaur.
- The Du Pont Laboratories first produced nylon at its plant in Seaford.
This earned the town the distinction of being the Nylon Capital of the
- In recognition of sportfishing's overall recreational and economic
contributions to the state of Delaware and of the specific values of the
weakfish (Cynoscion genus) as a game and food fish, the state Legislature
adopted the weakfish as Delaware's State fish in 1981. This fish is also
known as sea trout, gray trout, yellow mouth, yellow fin trout, squeteague,
- Colonial blue and buff are Delaware's official state colors.
- Delaware was named for Lord de la Warr. He was the first governor of
- The sheaf of wheat, ear of corn, and the ox on the state seal symbolize
the farming activities of early Delaware.
- The Delaware Indians were one of the most advanced tribes of the eastern
- New Castle County includes the largest population and smallest area of
Delaware's three counties.
- Wilmington's Delaware History Center is housed in a renovated, art deco
former Woolworth five-and-ten-cent store.
- America's newest tall ship is ten stories high and 139 feet long. The
recreation is the Kalmar Nyckel that landed on the Christina River in 1638.
- Quaker merchant Thomas Garret is thought to be the model for a Quaker
farmer in the novel, "Uncle Tom's Cabin." Garret and famed
abolitionist Harriett Tubman worked closely with Delaware's anti-slavery
- The frying pan built in 1950 for use at the Delmarva Chicken Festival is
10 feet in diameter and holds 180 gallons of oil and 800 chicken quarters.
- The Delaware Breakwater at Cape Henlopen State Park was the first
structure of its kind in the western hemisphere.
- The town of Milton was named after the English poet John Milton in 1807.