Fast Facts and Trivia
- Alabama introduced the Mardi Gras to the western world. The celebration is
held on Shrove Tuesday, the day before Lent begins.
- Alabama workers built the first rocket to put humans on the moon.
- The world's first Electric Trolley System was introduced in Montgomery in
- Alabama is the only state with all major natural resources needed to make
iron and steel. It is also the largest supplier of cast-iron and steel pipe
- Montgomery is the capital and the birthplace of the Confederate States of
- The Confederate flag was designed and first flown in Alabama in 1861.
- Alabama became the 22nd state on December 14, 1819.
- The town of Enterprise houses the Boll Weevil Monument to acknowledge the
role this destructive insect played in encouraging farmers to grow crops
other than cotton.
- Baseball player Henry Louis (Hank) Aaron was born in Mobile in 1934.
- Boxer Joe Louis was born in Lexington in 1914. He died in 1981.
- "Alabama" is the official state song.
- Baseball player Willie Howard Mays was born in Westfield in 1931.
- A skeleton of a pre-historic man was found in Russell Cave.
- At 2,405 feet Cheaha Mountain is Alabama's highest point above sea level.
- Huntsville is known as the rocket capital of the World.
- The Alabama Department of Archives is the oldest state-funded archival
agency in the nation.
- The musical singing group Alabama has a Fan Club and Museum in Fort Payne.
- In 1902 Dr. Luther Leonidas Hill performed the first open heart surgery in
the Western Hemisphere by suturing a stab wound in a young boy's heart. The
surgery occurred in Montgomery.
- To help fund education Alabama instituted its state sales tax in 1937.
- Schools established in Mobile include Washington Academy (founded in 1811)
and Huntsville Green Academy (founded in 1812).
- Between 1817 and 1819 Old Saint Stephens was the first territorial capital
- In 1956 the Army Ballistic Missile Agency was established at Huntsville's
- Governor George C. Wallace served four terms in office.
- In 1995 Heather Whitestone serves as first Miss America chosen with a
- Alabama's geographic center is located in Chilton a community located 12
miles southwest of Clanton.
- The word Alabama means tribal town in the Creek Indian language.
- The United States Army Chemical Corps Museum in Fort McClellan contains
over 4000 chemical warfare artifacts.
- Hitler's typewriter survived from his mountain retreat and is exhibited at
the Hall of History in Bessemer.
- Blount County was created on February 7, 1818 and is older than the state.
- Winston County is often called the Free State of Winston. It gained the
name during the Civil War.
- Mobile is named after the Mauvilla Indians.
- Peter Bryce is recognized as the state's first psychiatrist. He was born
in 1834 and died in 1892.
- The Alabama State Flag was authorized by the Alabama legislature on
February 16, 1895.
- Hematite is Alabama's official state mineral and is known as oxide of iron
- The Monarch butterfly (Danaus pleipuss) is the state's official insect.
- The star blue quartz is the state's official gemstone.
- The Florence Renaissance Faire is the Alabama's official fair.
- The pecan is the Alabama's official nut.
- People from Alabama are called Alabamians.
- On January 11, 1861 Alabama becomes the fourth state to secede from the
- On January 28, 1846 Montgomery was selected as capital of Alabama.
- Tallulah Bankhead entertained as a star of stage, screen, and radio during
the 1930s-1950s. She was born in Huntsville in 1902 and died in 1968.
- Singer and entertainer Nathaniel Adams (Nat King) Cole was known as the
man with the velvet voice. He was born in Montgomery in 1919 and died in
- Alabama resident Sequoyah devised the phonetic, written alphabet of the
- The Birmingham Airport opened in 1931. At the time of the opening a
Birmingham to Los Angeles flight took 19 hours.
- Alabama's mean elevation is 500 feet at its lowest elevation point.
- Audemus jura nostra defendere is the official state motto. Translated it
means "we dare defend our rights."
- Washington County is the oldest county in Alabama.
- General Andrew Jackson defeated the Creek Indians in 1814. Following the
event the Native Americans ceded nearly half the present state land to the
- At the Battle of Mobile Bay Admiral David Farragut issued his famous command, "Damn the torpedoes, full speed ahead." The event occurred on August 5, 1864.